Molecular Anthropology and Phylogenetics
Molecular anthropology is a field of anthropology in which molecular analysis is used to determine evolutionary links between ancient and modern human populations, as well as between contemporary species. Molecular anthropology has been extremely useful in establishing the evolutionary tree of humans and other primates, including closely related species like chimps and gorillas.
Molecular phylogenetics is the branch of phylogeny that analyses hereditary molecular differences, mainly in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships. The primary objective of molecular phylogenetic studies is to recover the order of evolutionary events and represent them in evolutionary trees that graphically depict relationships among species or genes over time.