Bioinformatics has become an important part of many areas of biology.
In experimental molecular biology, bioinformatics techniques such as image and signal
processing allow extraction of useful results from large amounts of
raw data. In the field of genetics and genomics, it aids in sequencing and annotating
genomes and their observed mutations. It plays a role in the text
mining of biological literature and the development of biological and gene ontologies to
organize and query biological data. It also plays a role in the analysis of gene and
expression and regulation. Bioinformatics tools aid in the
comparison of genetic and genomic data and more generally in the understanding
of evolutionary aspects of molecular biology. By using bioinformatics tools DNA sequencing,
assembly, Genome annotation, Computational phylogenetics, Comparative genomics,
genomics, Genetics of disease, Oncogenomics, gene and protein
expression, analysis of cellular organization and protein structure
prediction can be studied.